Something that even native Turkish speakers confuse is the distinction between the suffix -ki and the word ki. Both are important and useful parts of the language, and so it is worth going over their meanings.

The suffix -ki is almost exclusively used after the suffix -de for location and the suffix –(n)in for possession. As you know, both these suffixes have different forms according to vowel harmony, but -ki does not ever change form.

What does -ki do? It singles out an individual example of a possessed or located person or object. So:

Otelde – in the hotel

Oteldekithe one in the hotel

Can’ın – Can’s

Can’ınkithe one that is Can’s

Can’ınki kötü – Can’s one is bad

-ki can also be used to modify the noun following it:

Otelde papağan küfrediyor. – The parrot swears in the hotel.

Oteldeki papağan küfrediyor. – The parrot in the hotel swears.

If the -ki is used on its own without a noun following it, it can take additional suffixes preceded by the separating letter -n:

Okuldakini aldım. – I took the one at the school.

Benimki seninkine doğru gidiyor. – My one is going towards your one.

The word ki, written on its own, is a neat way of connecting clauses that were borrowed from the Indo-European language of Persian and thus may come relatively instinctively for the speakers of languages like English.

Belli – Clear (Or “It is clear.”)

Belli ki gelmeyecek. – It is clear that she is not going to come.

Öyle şeyler düşünüyorum. – I think of such things.

Öyle şeyler düşünüyorum ki kendimden korkuyorum. – I think of such things that I frighten myself.

Yapmadı. – He didn’t do it.

O yapmadı ki ödeme alsın. – He didn’t do it so why should he get payment (or in archaic English “he didn’t do it that he should get payment.”)

Ki on its own can also be used to end a sentence, indicating the missing clause.

Person one: Ona neden ödeme yapmadın? – Why didn’t you pay him?

Person two: Yapmadı ki… – He didn’t do it (that I should pay him for it)…

Person one: Bakıyorum. Aaa, belli ki… – Let me take a look. Ah, it is clear/obvious (that he didn’t do it) …

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